| São Paulo - Mêtro
Although the first project for the construction of a metro in
São Paulo was awarded as early as 1927, it took more than
forty years before the São Paulo Metropolitan Company was
created and the works of the first metro line were initiated.
Throughout that whole period, São Paulo City blossomed
from a small city into a vast metropolitan sprawl. The city grew
tenfold, its industry boosted, and São Paulo developed
itself into Brazil's economic powerhouse. The process of hyper-urbanisation
and rapid economic development were, however, paralleled by serious
urban and social problems. The majority of São Paulo's
population lives in economically difficult circumstances. A large
number of children live on the street and the levels of both violent
and property crimes is a significant day-to-day problem for every
citizen and visitor of the city.
In this decorum of rapid industrial growth, hyper-urbanisation,
and growing social problems, the metro system of São Paulo
emerged. In 1966, the Metropolitan Executive Group (GEM) was founded
and delivered a preliminary plan for the construction of the first
Brazilian metro system. Only two years later in 1968, the São
Paulo Metropolitan Company was founded which only took seven years
to elaborate a plan for the first São Paulo metro line
and to put the first trains in operation. In 1975, trains linked
Jabaquara station to Santana on the North-South line and works
were initiated for the construction of a second line running from
east to west. From 1975 to the present, the metro system is unfolding
itself in bits and pieces throughout the whole metropolitan area.
This approach reduces the maturity terms, investments, period
of labour, and equipment idleness. Today, the metro system consists
of 4 metro lines, a route of more than 43 kilometres, 50 stations,
and 2.3 million daily trips. In 2010, the metro company hopes
to have a total of seven lines and an extension of approximately
146 kilometres catering to 7.4 million passengers a day.
Source: López, M.J.J., Crime Prevention
Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems,
Den Haag: RCM-advies 1996, pg. 26-28.