Kong - MTR
The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) Corporation of Hong Kong was established
in 1975 with the aim to study, plan, construct, and operate a
metro system for the British crown colony. This resulted in a
total of three lines with an overall route length of 43.2 kilometres,
38 stations, and a total of 671 rail cars. Each line was built
at separate times with the first one starting its full operation
in late 1979, followed by the Tsuen Wan extension in 1982, the
Island Line in 1986, and the Eastern Harbour Crossing in 1989.
Of the 38 stations, 30 are underground.
The metro lines run through an area which is probably the most
densely populated in the world. Hong Kong has an overall density
of more than 5,500 residents per square kilometre. However, since
most of Hong Kong's population is squeezed onto Hong Kong Island
and Kowloon which cover less than 10% of the whole land area,
the spot density of the area through which the MTR runs must be
many times higher. The passenger numbers per weekday currently
total around the 2.3 million, making the MTR system of Hong Kong
also one of the most densely utilized per track kilometre in the
To cater to the ongoing growth in ridership as well as to the
transportation demand connected to the future Chek Lap Kok Airport,
two new metro lines are currently being planned and constructed:
the Airport Express and the domestic Lantau Line. These two lines
are planned to commence operation in mid 1997 and will have a
partially shared, track of 34 kilometres. This will almost double
the length of the existing MTR system.
Source: López, M.J.J., Crime Prevention
Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems,
Den Haag: RCM-advies 1996, pg. 32-35.